Depression is a clinical disease as real as the flu or angina. To understand if someone is suffering from depression or just a major depression, you need to know the severity and frequency of the symptoms. Treatment for depression varies from person to person, but there are some approaches that seem more effective than others. With the correct treatment, you may be able to minimize the symptoms of depression and reduce its impact on your quality of life.
Write down how you feel every day for 2 weeks
If you feel bad, feel sad, and have lost interest or pleasure where you used to find it, you may be depressed. These symptoms should be almost daily and last most of the day for 2 weeks.
These symptoms can last 2 weeks or more. They can also come and go. This is called “recurring disorder”. In this case, the symptoms are more severe than those you experience when you have a bad day. These are severe mood changes that can affect the correct functioning of a person in society or in their work. You can stop going to school or showing up at work. Likewise, these feelings can make you lose interest in some of your activities, such as playing sports, doing handicrafts, or visiting friends.
If you have had a major change in your life (such as the death of a family member), you can experience many depressive symptoms without being clinically depressed. Consult your doctor or psychotherapist to determine if you show more symptoms of depression than what you would normally see in bereaved people
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Pay attention to other symptoms of depression
In addition to feeling sad and losing interest in certain things, a depressed person will also show other symptoms for most of the day, and most of the day, for at least 2 weeks. Look at the list of emotions you have felt in the past 2 weeks, and see if you have 3 or more typical symptoms  of the following:
- significant loss of appetite or weight,
- interrupted sleep (either because you can’t sleep or because you don’t get much sleep),
- fatigue or loss of energy,
- a decrease in movement or, on the contrary, greater agitation noticed by those around you,
- feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt,
- difficulty concentrating or feeling indecisive,
- recurring morbid or suicidal thoughts, a suicide attempt, or a suicide attempt plan.
If you have suicidal thoughts, get help right away
If you or someone you know has thoughts of suicide, seek help immediately by calling 18 or 112 or going to the nearest emergency room. You should not try to get rid of these thoughts without calling a professional.
You have to tell the difference between a depression and a simple “blues blast”
The blues is a set of valid emotions that can be awakened by stress, major lifestyle changes (positive or negative), even the weather. The key to distinguishing depression from a blues stroke is knowing the severity and frequency of feelings and symptoms. If you have experienced symptoms of depression almost every day for 2 weeks or more, you may be genuinely affected by this disease.
A major life event, such as the death of a loved one, can cause symptoms similar to depression. A big difference may be that during mourning, you can remember positive memories of the deceased and you can still have fun doing certain activities. People who are depressed have a harder time engaging in and enjoying normal activities.
Write down the activities you’ve been doing over the past few weeks
Make a list of each of these activities, such as going to work or attending classes, or eating or showering. Also, note if you do certain things less frequently or if you feel less willing or happy to do certain activities.
Use these observations to find out if you are engaging in risky behaviour. Depressed people can do risky things because they no longer care what happens to them. They may need someone else to take care of them.
If you are depressed, this can be a difficult task. Take your time, or ask a family member or trusted friend to help you make this list.
Ask around if anyone has noticed a difference in your mood
Talk to a family member or friend you trust to find out if you have changed your behaviour. What you experience is most important, but the opinions of people around you who know you well may also be important.
Others may notice that you tend to suddenly cry for nothing or you are no longer able to perform tasks like taking a shower.
Ask your doctor if your physical condition contributes to your state of depression
Certain illnesses cause depressive symptoms, especially those related to the thyroid or other parts of your hormonal system. Talk to your doctor about whether a physical medical condition can contribute to your depressed state.
Certain illnesses, especially chronic illnesses or terminal illnesses can cause depressive symptoms. In this case, it is essential to involve a medical professional to understand the origin of the symptoms and how to relieve them.