Several factors can influence the appearance of colds. However, in general, it is a viral infection. Who does it affect? What are your symptoms? In this space we detail it.
Colds are one of the most common pathologies in our environment. It is one of the most frequent reasons for consultation with the family doctor and, also, one of the reasons for work and school absenteeism. However, do we know why we catch a cold?
In each place and culture, there are different beliefs as to why we catch a cold. So much so that, for example, in much of Spain it is thought that the cold is almost completely associated with having caught a cold at some previous time.
Curiously, there are Egyptian texts from 1500 BC that already described the cold. Today, due to advances in medicine, we can affirm what their real causes are and define concretely what happens during the cold in our body.
Therefore, in this article, we explain why we catch a cold and everything you need to know about it. Thus, we can leave behind cultural myths about this condition, which affects practically the entire population at some point in their life.
Why do we get cold?
A cold is a virus infection. Cold is one of the most common diseases and is usually given by rhinovirus and corona virus. It is a self-limited condition that usually does not last more than 10 days.
It is important to note that, although its name leads to confusion, we do not catch a cold from catching a cold. While it is true that cold and winter are related to more cases of colds, this is not the reason. It should be clear that it is a viral infection.
There are a lot of remedies to get rid of colds in one day. You can try them out easily at home.
Colds affect people of all ages
They are very contagious viruses that spread easily. The most frequent symptoms of this infection are sneezing and nasal congestion. Other common symptoms are:
- Having watery eyes and a lot of runny noses.
- Headache or throat pain.
- Tiredness and feeling unwell
- Mucus in the throat or chest.
When we catch a cold, the virus that has caused it can spread in many ways from our body. By sneezing, coughing or talking, we make it easier for the virus to spread through the environment or reach another person.
The same happens when we share objects or touch a person who has a cold. This is another cause for which colds have always been associated with catching a cold. People, when it is cold, tend to take shelter in warm places where there are many people, and thus the spread is favored.
The fact that it is a viral infection does not rule out that certain factors make it easier for us to resent. This is where we include the fact of having caught a cold or that it is winter.
First of all, we must understand that, although we catch colds more frequently in winter, it can happen at any time of the year. The same goes for age; anyone can get a cold.
Cold in children
However, the incidence in children who are under 6 years of age is much higher. This is because hygiene measures at this age are not very careful and, above all, because contact between children is much greater when playing or at school.
Another risk factor for which we catch colds more frequently is to have a weak immune system. Having suffered a disease recently or having some chronic pathology influence significantly.
Our immune system depends on many elements and substances. And exposed to numerous changes and deficits that can weaken it. For example, not sleeping properly or having a vitamin C deficiency.
It has been shown that tobacco smoke also predisposes more to a cold. Both active and passive smokers have a greater tendency to catch a cold. The reason is that smoke damages the mucous membranes of the respiratory system and facilitates the entry of the virus into our body.
We catch a cold due to an infection with a virus, which can be from different families. It is important to understand that cold or winter are factors that make this happen but are not the cause of the cold.